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German Government Vows to Help Business in Case of Fresh U.S. Sanctions on Russia

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Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said on Friday his government will try to protect German and European companies from some potentially “massive collateral damage” if Washington levies further sanctions against Russia, Reuters reports.

Speaking on Friday at a new year reception of the industry group German Committee on East European Economic Relations, Maas said he expected the newly elected, U.S. Congress to move swiftly to bring new sanctions against Moscow.

“Our aim is to reach an agreement (with the U.S. on sanctions) and protect German and European companies from the in some cases massive collateral damage,” he said.

Germany has deep trade ties with Russia and depends on it for much of its imported gas.

The minister did not give further details but his remarks are likely to cheer German exporters hard hit by European Union and U.S. sanctions imposed after Moscow invaded and annexed parts of Ukraine in 2014.

“For us sanctions … only make sense when, as with the EU’s sanctions, they are tied to clear, fulfillable conditions,” said Maas, in an apparent softening of his more hawkish tone on Russia when he took office last year. “Sadly, that is no longer the case for U.S. sanctions.”

Maas said he had told U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo that sanctions targeting Nord Stream 2, a Russian-led pipeline project involving German and other European companies would not be appropriate.

The EU last month extended for a further six months sanctions targeting Russia’s financial, energy and defense sectors. They were originally imposed in July 2014 after Russia’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula.

But on Friday, the European Union urged the U.S. Congress to support the Treasury’s plans to lift sanctions on Rusal, a Russian aluminum company controlled by Vladimir Putin ally Oleg Deripaska, saying the sanctions have harmed European industry.

Aluminum plants “in Austria, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Sweden, and the United Kingdom have faced increased prices and significant challenges in maintaining their daily operations” since the U.S. imposed sanctions last year on companies controlled by Russian businessman Oleg Deripaska, said a January 4 letter signed by ambassadors from the E.U. and the named countries.

The EU published the letter, sent to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer, on Friday, a day after House Democrats expressed concern about Treasury’s plans to lift the sanctions on Rusal and two additional companies controlled by Deripaska.

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Russian Corporate Mobile Market Grows 15% in 2018: Report

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B2B (business-to-business) revenues of Russian mobile operators grew by 15 percent year-on-year in 2018, according to a study from the company AC&M Consulting. Another market researcher, TMT Consulting estimates the market grew by 11 to 15 percent, business newspaper Vedomosti reports.

Corporate subscribers accounted for 13.5 percent of the total mobile customer base, or 43 million. B2B revenues generated 15.5 percent of revenues at mobile operators, equal to 140 billion ($2.166 billion), according to AC&M managing partner Mikhail Alekseev.

But the retail market of cellular communication last year grew in money by less than 3%, according to the report. The growth rates have been negatively affected by aggressive tariff offers and the return of unlimited tariffs, Alekseev said.

More than two-thirds of the total number of respondents among corporate users have confirmed that they use mobile Internet services. In 2016, the share of corporate customers using mobile Internet accounted for a little more than half, and in 2015 only about 40%, the report says.

Three-quarters of corporate clients use the services of two or more operators. Respondents in the segment of large and medium enterprises are mostly using the services of operator MTS. In the micro-business segment, respondents are mostly choosing MTS and MegaFon, while Tele2 and Rostelecom were the least mentioned in the survey, AC&M said.

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Greece Expects more than a Million Russian Tourists This Year

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A rise in early bookings by Russian tour operators for travel packages to Greece is leading Greek authorities to expect more than one million Russian holidaymakers to visit the country this year, Gtp.gr reports.

Early bookings from Russia are up by 15 percent, the Greek Tourism Ministry said on Thursday at the Moscow International Travel and Tourism Exhibition (MITT).

Greek Tourism Minister Elena Kountoura met with leading travel and tourism groups of the Russian market that plan and distribute the bulk of travel packages to Greece. Among the main topics of the meetings was for the Russian travel groups to introduce new Greek destinations to Russian holidaymakers, increase the promotion of the country’s most popular destinations in their travel packages and promote the thematic tourist products that Greece offers.

The meetings were also attended by Greek National Tourism Organization (GNTO) VP Aggeliki Chondromatidou and GNTO Russia & CIS Head Polykarpos Efstathiou.

“In 2018, approximately one million Russian tourists visited Greece. We expect to see a rise in these numbers in 2019 due to the fact that we are already seeing a 15 percent increase in bookings compared to the same time last year,” the minister said.

The Greek delegation hosted a promotional event in Moscow which was held to boost Greece’s promotion in the Russian market. The event was attended by prestigious Russian artists, representatives of the largest spa resorts and hotel chains in Greece, and heads leading travel agencies specializing in luxury vacations.

A record-breaking 30 million tourists visited Greece in 2018, according to data from the country’s central bank. The figure is an increase of 10.8 percent compared to 2017, when 27.19 million people visited the country.

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Car Imports in Russia Fall After Almost two Years of Growth

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Vehicle imports to Russia dropped in February by 3,6% year-on-year after 22 months of steady growth, Automotive Logistics reported citing data by the Association of European Businesses (AEB). Analysts say the population’s lower incomes and weakening purchasing power are among the reasons for the drop in imports.

In 2018, the country imported 293,100 finished vehicles, up almost 10% compared with the same period the previous year, according to the Russian Federal Customs Service. The value of vehicles imported reached $7.6 billion last year, the highest figure since 2014.

AEB’s chairman Jorg Schreiber says the buying power of the Russian population was weakening and making continued growth prospects for the Russian vehicle market less certain.

The increase in imports to satisfy consumer preferences in Russia over the last 22 months could be explained by a gradual reduction in import duties across the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), which includes Russia, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. From September 1 last year, the EEU cut duties on imported finished vehicles from 20% to 17%. It had reduced them in 2017 from 23% to 20%. Although the final decision has not been made yet, there are plans to reduce the duties further, down to 15%.

The reductions are being made to honor obligations EEU member states took when they individually joined the World Trade Organization (WTO).

In Russia, the federal government decided to offset the reduction in import duties on finished vehicles by increasing the “utilization fee” – the tax ostensibly designed to account for recycling charges at the end of the imported vehicle’s life. From 2014, carmakers have had to pay the utilization fee both for vehicles assembled in Russia and those imported to the country, but on locally-made vehicles, the government reimburses the fee.

In April 2018, Russia raised the utilization fee and for some models, the increase was almost double. In October last year, deputy prime minister Dmitry Kozak proposed a further increase of 30% but there is no information on when or if that is likely to happen.

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