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New U.S. Sanctions Target Russia’s Oil Industry, Banks, LNG Projects

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The United States Congress published a new bill which would impose sanctions against Russia on Wednesday, including provisions regarding the country’s banks, sovereign debt, shipbuilding, and oil and gas projects, Vedomosti reported.

According to experts, if the bill is approved, Russia will not be able to produce as much oil as it does now. Russian oil producers will be barred from buying, renting or acquiring goods, services, technologies, and financing, used for producing oil to the tune of more than $1 million or $5 million annually. The sanctions won’t target current projects, and the list of banned goods and services will be unveiled within 90 days after the bill is adopted, the report said.

In 2017, Russia accounted for 11% of production and 13% of oil exports worldwide. In 2014, the EU and U.S. slapped similar sanctions on Moscow, but they covered only those projects on the Arctic shelf, deep-water projects and deposits with hard-to-reach reserves. Those sanctions seriously harmed the oil sector, a source from a major oil company told the business newspaper. But the new restrictions won’t have the same devastating effect since Russia has managed to replace critically important production technologies on the ground.

“As far as the other cases go, we are working on the issue,” the source said. “Oil companies have adapted to U.S. sanctions and now they (the restrictions) are not affecting the oil sector,” a representative from the Energy Ministry said, voicing confidence that the new package of restrictive measures won’t be harmful.

Meanwhile, experts gave gloomy predictions. According to Denis Frolov, the partner at law firm BMS, the bill puts Russia’s oil sector in jeopardy, although a lot depends on the interpretation. Right now, the sanctions can refer to everything ranging from software to equipment and pipelines, the analyst said.

Moody’s Russia Vice President Denis Perevezentsev said that unlike the 2014 sanctions, the new measures will target all Russian oil projects, and this will affect production, told the paper. “This may lead to technological inadequacy, growing spending, and complicated development and replacement of reserves in the mid-term and long-term positions,” he said.

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Iran Blocks Nearly All Internet Access

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Iran imposed an almost complete nationwide internet blackout on Sunday one of its most draconian attempts to cut off Iranians from each other and the rest of the world as widespread anti-government unrest roiled the streets of Tehran and other cities for a third day, The New York Times reported.

The death toll for the three days of protests rose to at least 12; hundreds were injured; and more than 1,000 people have been arrested, according to semiofficial news agencies like Fars News.

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has the last word on all state matters, called the demonstrators “thugs” and endorsed the government’s decision to raise prices it sets for rationed gasoline by 50 percent as of Friday and by 300 percent for gasoline that exceeds ration limits. Even after the price hike, gasoline in Iran is still cheaper than in most of the rest of the world – now the equivalent of about 50 cents a gallon.

In a speech on Sunday, Khamenei said he would support rationing and increasing gas prices because heads of three branches of government had made the decision.

Khamenei also acknowledged that Iranians had taken to the streets to protest and that some had died – however, he blamed the protests on monarchists and opposition groups trying to destabilize Iran, the Times added.

The widespread discontent on display across the country marked yet another crisis for the country. Iran has been struggling with an economic crisis after the United States exited a nuclear deal and reimposed harsh sanctions that ban Iran’s oil sales.

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HASC Chairman Claims Legislation to Create a Space Force in 2020 ‘Still Possible’

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House Armed Services Committee Chairman Adam Smith said last week that negotiations on the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act are “proceeding reasonably well” but he expressed doubt that the NDAA will include language to authorize a Space Force as a separate military branch, SpaceNews reported.

“It’s still possible but by no means guaranteed,” Smith told reporters on Capitol Hill last week. When asked for specifics, Smith said, “I don’t think it would be helpful for me to make predictions.”

The biggest sticking point in the NDAA negotiations is language in the House version of the bill that restricts the use of military funds to pay for the wall that President Trump wants to build along the U.S.-Mexico border, SpaceNews adds.

There are other dealbreaker issues. The authorization of a Space Force as the sixth branch of the armed forces is one of them, Smith said. Other contentious matters include extending the “war powers” legislation that authorizes the president to use military force, and allowing transgender people to serve in the military.

Smith said the House and Senate NDAA conference in recent weeks worked on compromise language on hundreds of provisions and “reduced the stack significantly, and we’re down to a few really contentious issues.”

Smith characterized the Space Force as a “higher echelon” issue that is proving divisive. Both Republicans and Democrats in the House and Senate continue to have reservations about the administration’s Space Force proposal, said Smith. “There is bipartisan concern on the proposal and bicameral concern about the specifics of that proposal.”

The House version of the NDAA creates a Space Corps and is closer aligned with what the administration proposed. The Senate bill would rename the Air Force Space Command the U.S. Space Force and does not specifically authorize a sixth branch of the armed forces.

Smith noted that the House has been a proponent of a military space branch since 2017 while the Senate had adamantly opposed it. “In their bill they didn’t have the same language that we did. But the president has persuaded them to look at it differently.”

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Gunman Kills Four at California Backyard Party

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Police in the California city of Fresno were investigating a mass shooting at a football game party on Sunday in which at least 10 people were shot, killing four, with five others left in critical condition and another wounded, Reuters informs.

Three men died at the scene and another died at a hospital, Fresno Deputy Police Chief Michael Reed said in a late night news conference. Six more were hospitalized, he said.

“Our hearts go out to the families of the victims of this thing,” Reed said. “This was senseless violence. We’re going to do everything we can to find out who the perpetrators were and bring them to justice.”

A gunman walked into a backyard and started shooting at a south Fresno home, where a gathering of about 35 family and friends was watching a football game before 8 p.m., said Reed. Neighbors soon flooded 911 dispatchers with calls for help, Reuters adds.

The suspect fled the scene and police were combing the neighborhood for witnesses and possible security camera footage, police said. Police did not release further information about the shooting in the city about 200 miles (320 km) north of Los Angeles, except that the dead were men between the ages of 25 and 35.

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